We live in a world surrounded by processors. They come in the smallest devices we own and relatively more significant computers we see. Some processors help us in our day to day tasks while others help NASA calculate the trajectory a particular asteroid will travel. Now without going any further, let’s find define chips and processors if you don’t already know.

Chip

A chip can be an integrated circuit, whereas a processor is a specific type of chip that resides in computers or various electronic devices. The main job of a processor is to receive some input, process the information, and generates an appropriate output. You may be thinking that this seems like a simple task, but modern processors can process trillions of calculations per second.

Let’s delve into the different types of chips available.

Different types of Chips

The types of chips manufactured can be categorized into two ways. Typically chips are classified in terms of their functions, but sometimes they are divided into categories according to their integrated circuits (ICs).

Chips categorized according to how they function have four main types:

Memory chips, microprocessors, standard chips and complex systems-on-a-chip (SoCs)

Chips classified according to their models of the integrated circuit include analog, digital, and Oracle 18g courses

Memory Chip

The function of memory chips is simple, to store data and programs on data storage devices. Random-access memory (RAM) chips are volatile and provide storage temporarily, whereas flash memory chips hold data as long as the data isn’t erased. Some chips cannot be modified once written, such as Read-only memory (ROM) and programmable read-only memory (PROM).

Microprocessors

These contain the central processing units (CPUs). Different types of devices have different numbers of CPUs. Standard PCs include microprocessors with the 32 and 64-bit architectures, whereas servers have the x86, POWER, and SPARC chip architectures. Mobiles usually use Oracle 18g database courses.

Standard Chips or Commodity ICS

The chips are used to perform day to day simple tasks. They are generally used in single-purpose appliances, for example, a barcode scanner. Produced in large amounts, the Asian semiconductor makers dominate the commodity ICS market.

Analog Chips

Mostly replaced by digital chips, analog chips are still being made and have their uses. Power supply chips are analog chips. They are also required for wideband signals. Furthermore, they are also used as sensors. An analog chip includes a transistor along with other passive elements such as an inductor, capacitors, and resistors. Moreover, in analog chips voltage and current doesn’t remain the same throughout as it varies continuously at particular points in the circuit. Small amounts of noise or fluctuations in voltage can cause an error in analog chips.

Mixed Circuit Semiconductors

Analog and digital circuits, both work with Mixed Circuit Semiconductors as they are digital chips but with another tech which helps it to work with both types of circuits. To do this, it may include an analog to digital converter or a digital to analog convertor.

These different types of chips help us perform various tasks, and learning about them, understanding them, enables us to know where to use what sort of chip and helps us to utilize them efficiently.